Mon 26 Oct 2015 10:30 - 11:30 at Haselton 1 - Keynote Chair(s): Harry Xu

Symbolic execution, which was introduced more than four decades ago, is typically used in software testing to explore as many different program paths as possible in a given amount of time, and for each path to generate a set of concrete input values exercising it, and check for the presence of various kinds of errors including assertion violations, uncaught exceptions, security vulnerabilities, and memory corruption. A key limitation of classical symbolic execution is that it cannot generate useful test inputs if the program under test uses complex operations such as pointer manipulations and non-linear arithmetic operations.

Our research on Concolic Testing (also known as DART: Directed Automated Random Testing or Dynamic Symbolic Execution) alleviated the limitations of classical symbolic execution by combining concrete execution and symbolic execution. We demonstrated that concolic testing is an effective technique for generating high-coverage test suites and for finding deep errors in complex software applications. The success of concolic testing in scalably and exhaustively testing real-world software was a major milestone in the ad hoc world of software testing and has inspired the development of several industrial and academic automated testing and security tools.

One of the key challenges of concolic testing is the huge number of programs paths in all but the smallest programs, which is usually exponential in the number of static branches in the code. In this talk I will describe MultiSE, a new technique for merging states incrementally during symbolic execution, without using auxiliary variables. The key idea of MultiSE is based on an alternative representation of the state, where we map each variable, including the program counter, to a set of guarded symbolic expressions called a value summary. MultiSE has several advantages over conventional symbolic execution and state merging techniques: 1) value summaries enable sharing of symbolic expressions and path constraints along multiple paths, 2) value-summaries avoid redundant execution, 3) MultiSE does not introduce auxiliary symbolic values, which enables it to make progress even when merging values not supported by the constraint solver, such as floating point or function values. We have implemented MultiSE for JavaScript programs in a publicly available open-source tool. Our evaluation of MultiSE on several programs shows that MultiSE can run significantly faster than traditional symbolic execution.

Mon 26 Oct

Displayed time zone: Eastern Time (US & Canada) change

10:30 - 11:30
KeynoteWODA at Haselton 1
Chair(s): Harry Xu University of California, Irvine
Concolic Testing: A Decade Later
Koushik Sen University of California, Berkeley